Do you know what is the strongest foundation for a Home? If not, then you should read this article. We'll talk about everything you need to know about this. It is essential to know because you will not be able to build the foundation of your house several times.
A famous builder like Tom Silva said: "Without a good one, you are submerged". So it would be best if you search the strongest foundation for a home. But not every home is built on the same type of foundation.
The selection of the type of foundation depends on several factors, such as geographical location, house design, soil, climate, humidity and budget.
What is the Foundation?
The foundation is the number one priority for building any house. It is the essential and the lowest part, because it supports the whole structure. It is able to retain loads from the top of the house.
This heavy task is actually done by transferring the entire weight to the ground safely. Therefore, a foundation should be built of sturdy material to make it durable even in natural disasters such as earthquakes.
So you can certainly guess that they are usually made of concrete, the most muscular building material.
The importance of the Foundation
The durability of a house is based on its foundation. Even if you get the cheapest way to build a house foundation, you need to make sure that the quality is optimal.
The purpose of building a foundation for a place is to transport the structure above and keep it in position. But a poorly built foundation can be harmful to residents and the neighborhood.
This step is building becomes very popular for built-up large multi-storey buildings. There are three important importance of the foundation in the home.
- To support the weight of the complete building.
- A robust quality foundation keeps the house standing when the forces of nature try to weaken it. So it provides safety and security during disasters such as strong winds, earthquakes, floods and more.
- The foundation should be built to restrict the penetration of soil moisture on the wall and floor of the house.
Which is the strongest foundation for a home
There are 6 most powerful and common bases that many use during the construction of their home. I choose it according to my budget and personal preferences. They all have the same functions that support the above structure, maintaining groundwater and preventing water and soil from evaporating.
Keep reading to know the types in detail.
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Isolated column legs
This type of foundation is used all over the world because it is one of the simplest and most popular foundations. Its main function is to support a single column. During the base, each column is delivered with a different column base.
If you plan to build a low house with fewer columns, this will be the perfect type of foundation. It is built by an excavator ditch of its basic dimensions. Then a column is raised from that foot to the top of the building.
This column turns and joins the beam. The load is followed by the beam to the column and then from the column to the foundation. Finally, through the foot, it is transferred to the ground.
This base is used while
- t h mon is the space between the columns
- fewer loads on the feet
- the soil has a high load-bearing capacity
There are different types of insulated column feet to use. Are:
- Inclined heel (trapezoidal section)
- Buffer foot (uniform thickness)
- Step foot (uneven thickness)
This type of foundation is best suited for the 8 'high ceiling, which is most often made to be inhabited or stored. Although it is a common type of foundation for building houses, many people do not even know about it. It is built with concrete to create an open space below ground level.
Therefore, the foundation of the basement is built by digging a trench under the ground floor. In general, the depth of the basements is about 6 to 8 feet, depending on the condition of the soil. Once the foundation is positioned, it makes the lowest load-bearing component of the house and basement.
A foundation basement contains structural foundation walls to take up a lot of foundation legs followed by the perimeter of the basement. Usually, these feet extend below the frost line, the depth at which the earth freezes in winter.
Basements can be partially or entirely in the ground. Many people go with the second choice because it allows more natural light instead. Although nowadays it is built of concrete blocks of cement mortar, in the past stone walls were seen.
The foundation of the plate
A tile foundation is also known as a quality foundation. It is a solid layer of concrete that rests on the ground. The grade is used to indicate ground level, while the slab defines the monolithic concrete slab.
This foundation is used especially in climates that do not face thawing and freezing of the soil, as this can lead to cracks in the movement of the foundation and concrete. Its cost is also lower than the complete foundation of the basement.
You will get better protection against termite infestation, which is especially noticeable in warmer climates. But it has a disadvantage. Drainage pipes and water supply are fixed in concrete. The concrete slab must be cut to access the pipes if there is a problem. It also does not include any living or storage space.
Wall Jogging Foundation
This foundation is scattered or with legs and bands. Above this, the wall that supports the structural and non-structural walls is created. They will transmit and distribute the weights to the ground.
All legs always run along the wall. Based on the type of soil and the condition of the site, the size and thickness of the foot are defined. In general, the foot is kept 2 to 3 times wider than the wall.
The foundation of the wall is built using reinforced concrete brick, stone or plain concrete. So it is best for small buildings.
It is a deep foundation of concrete, steel or timber. The piles are actually like a small diameter column that is inserted or thrown into the ground. It also has more depth than a shallow foundation.
The foundation of the stack is generally built where the soil does not have a sufficient capacity to retain the load from the deep soil to the hard layers. Its main feature is to transmit loads to the lower level of the ground by combining the end load pile and the friction pile at the base or pile point.
A pile foundation is used when
- the top layer of soil is weak or compressible
- horizontal forces are present
- faces soil erosion
- expansive soils are observed in the foundation
- subjected to uplifting forces
Crawl Space Foundation
It is a combination of the foundation of the basement and the foundation of the slab. It is the cheapest of the other types of foundations. So it is better for those who want to build a foundation in a minimum budget.
There are 2 to 3 foot spaces under the house, which will give the owner access to plumbing and mechanical installations. Due to this, both the time and the maintenance or repair costs for the year will save.
This foundation is also the right choice for the sloping area. It is chosen in a freezing environment as the gap is between the ground and the first floor act as a fence. It will protect the house from flooding.
The type of foundation for the house depends on the type of construction and the type of soil of the site. The type of construction means a multi-storey or tall building and a small house. For both shapes, you need to choose a suitable type of foundation.
Therefore, from the above details, you hope to have an idea of what is the strongest Foundation for a Home. You can also get help from experts to find the best foundation for your budget. Consult a civil engineer's soil test report to decide.