The world is going through a period of transition in which we try our best to conserve water and electricity. To restore the environment from harmful gas damage, we have found excellent alternatives, such as windmills and solar panels. Every day, the use of solar energy increases with the advancement of technology. It also increases the efficiency of solar energy.
An excellent example of the use of solar energy is the solar water heater. The water heater is another essential device that we often have at home. From taking a shower to cleaning dishes in the cold winter, a water heater is the device for comfort and facilitates washing. Therefore, in this article, we will give you a detailed overview of solar water heater.
They are environmentally friendly as well as cost effective. So let's go !!
What is a solar water heater?
It is a device that uses solar energy or sunlight to heat household water. This water heater practically converts sunlight into heat using the solar thermal collector.
How does it work?
A solar water heating system includes two major things; one is a storage tank and the other is a solar collector. A circulating water pump is one that classifies the two different types of solar water heaters which are active and passive solar heaters.
The pump helps the water to flow through the pipe and to be stored in the storage pump. Meanwhile, the sunlight warms the water. This is the basic principles of this water heating system.
Types of solar water heater
Ther are two types of solar water heater. They are active and passive solar water heaters. These two types of water heaters also have categories under them.
Active solar heater
The active water system uses a circulation pump to circulate the water through the collector. There are two types of active solar water heating system, which are:
- Direct circulation system
In the active direct circulation system that circulates water, the pumps circulate the water from the collector and pass it for domestic use. The direct circulation system is best for non-freezing areas.
- Indirect circulation system
A non-freezing fluid circulates in the indirect active circulation system, which transfers heat through the solar collector by means of a heat transfer device. The heat transfer device heats the water and moves it for household use. It is best for needles with freezing temperatures.
Passive solar water heater
A passive water heating system uses natural circulation to transfer heat from the collector to the tank. Passive solar water heating systems do not need any electricity, and they are also cost-effective compared to the active solar water heating system.
There are two types of passive solar water heating systems
- Passive integral collection-storage systems
- Solar radiator water heating system
Radiator water heating systems allow water to pass through the tank where hot water rises to the top and cold water sinks to the bottom of the tank. However, the system requires professionals to install and is a little more expensive and reliable.
Compact solar water heater
The compact solar water heater is also known as the integrated water heater. Compact solar heaters are specially designed for domestic use. It consists of a storage tank tubes and heat pipe vacuum integrated into a single complete unit.
There are several significant benefits of the compact solar water heating system and are
- No electricity required
- No overheating
- Stainless steel
- Cost efficient
Homemade solar water heater
Home solar heater or DIY water heater is a water heater you can make at home. Extensive knowledge and expertise are needed to create a useful and fully functional home water heater.
Building a solar water heater may not be easy, but with a little effort, anyone can do it. Require
- Installation of pipes
- Glass installation
- Insulation installation
But making a home water heater can save you money as well as saving the planet. It may take less than $ 100 to make a fully functional and useful water heater
Materials needed to make your home solar water heater
The best solar water heater for home manufacturing is a full passive solar water heater. In an integrated solar water heater, the solar collector and the storage tank are combined. It is not very complicated to make and requires simple materials such as
- Electric water heating tank
- Plywood box, which is large enough to hold the tank
- Hinged lid for the box to reduce cooling at night
- Glass sheets
- Insulation material
- Pipes / fittings
- Black paint
Construction of a domestic water heater
- Paint the water tank black
- Dry urea glass at the top of the box
- Insulate additional lighting and the box
- C holes ut in the exhaust box and in the drain pipes.
- Place the water tank inside the box safely and carefully.
- Make ways for cold water to enter the bottom of the tank and hot water to come out of the top of the household tank.
- Now it's time to install the heater
The final verdict
Every year we emit more than 35 billion metric tons of carbon into the atmosphere. Many scientists say that the damage we have done to our planet may not be overcome. But when there is will, there is far. We may not be able to overcome the damage, but we aim to reduce the damage we do to our planet.
The use of sustainable energy is the most significant way to reduce municipal electricity consumption. Therefore, solar water heaters not only save you money, but also save your home where we all live under one roof. It is widely used all over the world and is perfect for home use when it comes to water heating.